Earwigs are omnivorous, this means they eat both plant matter and animal origin such as small insects. Although there are about 2,000 species worldwide, the UK only has four varieties. the picture above being the most common of the four. They also have wigs but usually reluctant to fly.
Before you start reaching for the bug spray here are a few things to consider
Yes they look ugly and menacing, their glossy brown body of between 13-15 mm in length with there huge pincers or forceps on their rear end but, in fact they are a great tool for your garden. They are hugely beneficial to keep aphids down on your fruit trees/plants.
known as nocturnal scavengers, if you go out in your garden at night with a torch you will probably see them close to your plants amongst the foliage grabbing a bite. During the day earwigs seeks out dark moist areas in which to hide such as cracks in pathways, garden waste and mostly, under rocks.
Unlike most insects, a female earwig is a good mother. She lays between 30-50 eggs and protects them through winter. When they hatch, she feeds and tends to her offspring (nymphs) until they are able to fend for themselves.
You will see earwigs all year round in your garden hiding in dark areas, under pots if you look for them but they are more visible during spring and summer.